We have written several reports about multi-national interlocking directorships - which are exactly what they show themselves to be in their logo - PIRATES. The British Imperial Empire (aka the Queen and her entourage of pedophiles) rule the world and the sun still hasn't set on the British Empire.
If corporations are going to be treated as legal persons, they should have personal accountability, too, especially for human rights abuses.
Is it a coincidence that Aim4Truth declared May to be “Serco Awareness” month and now we hear that Serco’s $80 billion in fraud charges in the United Kingdom are driving Serco into bankruptcy?
Isn’t it marvelous when Americans4Innovation finds the golden share of the British Crown that owns Serco and that the Queen’s Privy Counselor Sir Geoffrey Pattie is the Queen’s agent, and that Pattie’s intelligence agency is Strategic Communications Laboratories, that SCL collapses at the same time?
Was it the disinfecting brilliant light of day that shown upon the corrupt connections between Serco and Lockheed Martin, the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), SCL Group, Terrington Management, BAE, Leidos, CACI, In-Q-Tel and ultimately the Highland Forum that helped “bring down” Serco?
Serco is the perfect modern-day replica of the archetypal corporation – the British East India Company – who was known by the motto, “trading with a sword.” We have written extensively about this subject and offer readers many selections at the end of this report. So that we can continue making progress with our truth disclosure, we have to assume that the reader is somewhat familiar with our other articles and reports.
…so what is a corporation?
Corporations have only one intent – to make money for shareholders who are protected by the limited liability of a corporation that has “person” status for rights but immunity for crimes. Corporations plan to commit crimes and when they get caught, they simply pay the fines and penalties. No single “person” in the corporation is held responsible for the crime and seldom suffer criminal prosecution that includes jail-time. Corporations are “exempt” from suffering the same fate that you or I would suffer if we committed the same crime. The evidence is abundantly clear that the bigger the corporation, the bigger the crimes.
The most asked question about ‘evil corporations’ is: “How did it happen that corporations are in a status that is obviously higher than a common citizen’s?”
We recently released an Anonymous Patriot Citizen Intelligence Report on the origins and corruption of the legal system that has its roots in the City of London UK and the Vatican City. (See: The British Crown Runs the U.S. Legal System) We showed how courts raise lawyers up into a “titled” position called Esquire – a type of nobility. Lawyers become a “higher class” by being called to the Temple Bar and the Four Inns of Court which have their equivalent in America.
These “legal nobility” are like the British status of landed gentry, and by such appointment can then have standing to act in the courts of law. These courts of law constitute another titled position that is above the common person, a noble estate of sorts. Judges are like nobility who rule in “their court-room”, which they act like they own and rule with complete sovereignty in contradistinction to the rule of law.
Corporations are another status of a titled position or authority that is above the commoner who is subject to common law instead of admiralty, merchant, or cannon law. The common person may not, in many cases, even speak before a court because they have no standing or status to do so.
When viewed this way, you could reasonably conclude that courts, lawyers, corporations, churches, and monarchies are outside of the law. Politicians and government employees are often exempt from prosecution also. But the common person is not “called to the bar”, therefore, cannot truly utilize the very court systems that can prosecute him.
Courts (all powerful churches), judges (little popes) and lawyers (titled gentry) protect the corporations (monarchies-nobility) who don’t have to answer to lower crimes that commoners are accountable for. In keeping with current British law, commoners may not even “question the affairs” of the Crown (Monsanto, Lockheed, Raytheon, etc.).
Whenever corporations have “big” problems, they go to “big courts” – U. S. Federal courts – where corporate interests are always put before the lower interests of We the People (commoners). The Supreme Court is the best example of BIG courts bowing before BIG corporations that they say are “too big to fail.” These really BIG corporations are usually warlord bankers, brokers, and money managers.
Legal protection for corporations is unlimited, especially in the realm of tax breaks for the biggest companies. Many of the largest corporations in America pay no taxes and often claim their main headquarters in another country, a hedge fund in a tax-haven, incorporated in an off-shore account, incorporated in Delaware, or thinly spread between many dummy corporations that shuffle and hide the money so little or no taxes are paid. The commoner, We the People, don’t get huge tax breaks or get to legally, in plain sight, hide tax-evasion.
It takes a legal background to navigate the American Corporatocracy and dodge taxes, gain tax advantages, avoid legal problems, stay out of jail, and make sure that the corporate burden is paid for by the commoners, not the corporate nobility. The original 13th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution prohibited lawyers from holding public office. There was the reason for that!
The “Three Estates” of the old world still apply: church (clergy), monarchy (nobility) and the common person. The power usually attributed to the Third Estate – the commoner – is the power of the Fourth Estate, which is the power of public opinion, the media. Only through information, truth, and awareness does the commoner have the power to navigate a court system that was created to consolidate and maintain the power of the clergy, nobility and the lawyers who rule the rigged court system, which we call – Fake Justice.
A monarchical corporation gains total control over church, state, and the people when government allows a monopoly to rule a sector of the economy like Amazon, Google or Facebook currently do. A “Corporate Monarch” becomes complete after the Supreme Court gives it immunity from common prosecution, compromised federal judges (acting like nobility) dole out fines instead of criminal sentences, and lawyers plan the crimes ahead of time and hide them until they get caught. When the Corporate Monarch gets caught, the titled nobility of the Bar haggle for smaller fines and penalties while commoners are crushed in the process.
We intend in this article to expose the underbelly and corruption of corporations and show the evidence that reveals their premeditated crimes against We the People. The mechanisms and machinations of corporate evil and crime are well worn paths that grow deeper with every new corporate aggression against humans and their environment. Corporations are complicit with genocide, endless war, environmental catastrophes, human depopulation, and a litany of evil crimes that seldom get prosecuted.
The time has come to reduce the status of corporations to “less than a person” because their crimes demonstrate that they are indeed – “less than human.”
Budgeted Corporate Crimes – the Cost of Doing Business
Corporations carry out some of the most horrific human rights abuses of modern times, but it is increasingly difficult to hold them accountable. Economic globalization and the rise of transnational corporate power have created a favorable climate for corporate human rights abusers, which are governed principally by the codes of supply and demand and show loyalty only to their stockholders.
When corporations act like criminals, we have the right and the power to stop them, holding leaders and multinational corporations alike to the accords they have signed.
Corporations now spend about $2.6 billion a year on reported lobbying expenditures—more than the $2 billion we spend to fund the House ($1.18 billion) and Senate ($860 million). It’s a gap that has been widening since corporate lobbying began to regularly exceed the combined House-Senate budget in the early 2000s.
Today, the biggest companies have upwards of 100 lobbyists representing them, allowing them to be everywhere, all the time. For every dollar spent on lobbying by labor unions and public-interest groups together, large corporations and their associations now spend $34. Of the 100 organizations that spend the most on lobbying, 95 consistently represent business.
Essentially, corporations pay politicians to “look the other way” and never hold corporations accountable for morality, ethics, or decency. Corporate lobbyists demonstrate that our system of government, run by lawyers and the federal courts, is simply a corporatocracy that is supported 100% by the political machine. Our government is bought and paid for by corrupt money from corporations.
Supreme Court Sides with Corporations
In April of 2018, The U. S. Supreme Court decided by a 5-to-4 vote to bar human rights suits against foreign corporations. Thus, foreign corporations may not be sued in American courts for complicity in human rights abuses abroad.
Justice Anthony M. Kennedy said such suits should not be allowed without explicit congressional authorization. “Courts are not well suited to make the required policy judgments that are implicated by corporate liability in cases like this one,” he wrote.
Justice Sonia Sotomayor said the Supreme Court had created a double standard for corporations. “It allows these entities to take advantage of the significant benefits of the corporate form and enjoy fundamental rights without having to shoulder attendant fundamental responsibilities,” Sotomayor wrote, citing decisions allowing corporations to spend freely in candidate elections and to deny contraception coverage to female workers for religious reasons.
The case turned on the meaning of the Alien Tort Statute, a cryptic 1789 law that allows federal district courts to hear “any civil action by an alien for a tort only, committed in violation of the law of nations or a treaty of the United States.”
Justice Sotomayor pointed out that just because Congress saw fit to permit suits only against individuals for torture and extra-judicial killing doesn’t mean it meant to bar suits against corporations in connection with other “law-of-nations” violations.
Sotomayor made a persuasive case that the Alien Tort Statute should indeed be interpreted to cover wrongdoing by corporations as well as individuals. She also noted the irony that under the new ruling, “foreign corporations — entities capable of wrongdoing under our domestic law — remain immune from liability for human rights abuses, however egregious they may be.”
The Foundations of Corporate Crimes
You may be shocked to read the following facts about corporations that seem to make them above the law, unquestionable sovereigns, and criminals who act with impunity. Many corporations are more powerful than nations. Sam Walton was the 28th most economically powerful force (nation) in the world at one time.
Many other facts about corporations are equally as disturbing as we find in the facts below.
In 2016, 37 of the top 100 economies in the world were multinational corporations, with Wal-Mart Stores annual revenue exceeding the GDP of all but the top 27 states in the world.
Because the corporation is legally considered a “person”, individual shareholders are not legally responsible for the corporation’s debts and damages beyond their investment in the corporation.
Individual employees, managers, and directors of corporations are not generally liable for the corporation’s actions.
Corporate personhood in the United States is the extension of a limited subset of the same constitutional rights as We the People.
Corporations are a “legal person” for the purposes of conducting business while shielding individual shareholdersfrom personal liability.
Corporate lobby money controls politics through Super PACS and campaign financial donations.
At the bottom-line, corporations are inexorably driven to immoral conduct by the fundamental structure of corporate law, or to put the point colloquially, “Corporations make good people do bad things.”
Corporate scandals are inevitable because the modem corporation has a structural imperative to show a short-term profit even if this requires committing fraud and/or shifting costs onto employees, the community and the environment.
Corporations cannot be held accountable for human rights violations. Corporations can be protected by human rights law while they can enjoy impunity for committing human rights violations.
Over the past 60 years, the legal status of corporations in human rights law has been protected through the European and the Inter-American human rights systems.
Shareholders have no responsibility for what is done, to whom or to what injury is done. They are legally immune and are free to be socially irresponsible.
By law, the sole obligation of public corporations is to maximize profit for shareholders.
Unlike human beings, corporations have only one motive: to get as much stuff as possible through animalistic greed, with the single focus of profit maximization.
Human Rights vs. Shareholder’s Dividends
Corporate personhood is the legal notion that a corporation, separately from its associated human beings (like owners, managers, or employees), has at least some of the legal rights and responsibilities enjoyed by natural “persons” (physical humans). For example, corporations have the right to enter into contracts with other parties and to sue or be sued in court in the same way as natural persons or unincorporated associations of persons.
In a U.S. historical context, the phrase ‘Corporate Personhood’ refers to the ongoing legal debate over the extent to which rights traditionally associated with natural persons should also be afforded to corporations.
A headnote issued by the Court Reporter in the 1886 Supreme Court case Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad Co. claimed to state the sense of the Court regarding the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment as it applies to corporations, without the Court having actually made a decision or issued a written opinion on that issue. This was the first time that the Supreme Court was reported to hold that the Fourteenth Amendment’s equal protection clause granted constitutional protections to corporations as well as to natural persons, although numerous other cases, since Dartmouth College v. Woodward in 1819, had recognized that corporations were entitled to some of the protections of the Constitution.
In Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., the Court found that the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 exempted Hobby Lobby from aspects of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act because those aspects placed a substantial burden on the closely held company’s owners’ exercise of free religion.
As a matter of interpretation of the word “person” in the Fourteenth Amendment, U.S. courts have extended certain constitutional protections to corporations. The basis for allowing corporations to assert such protections under the U.S. Constitution is that they are organizations of people, and the people should not be deprived of their constitutional rights when they act collectively. Thus, treating corporations as having legal rights allows corporations to sue and to be sued, provides a single entity for easier taxation and regulation, simplifies complex transactions that would otherwise involve, in the case of large corporations, thousands of people, and protects the individual rights of the shareholders as well as the right of association.
Generally, corporations are not able to claim constitutional protections that would not otherwise be available to persons acting as a group. For example, the Supreme Court has not recognized a Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination for a corporation, since the right can be exercised only on an individual basis. Since the Supreme Court’s ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission in 2010, upholding the rights of corporations to make political expenditures under the First Amendment, there have been several calls for a Constitutional amendment to abolish corporate personhood.
During the colonial era, British corporations were chartered by the crown to do business in North America. This practice continued in the early United States. They were often granted monopolies as part of the chartering process. For example, the controversial Bank Bill of 1791 chartered a 20-year corporate monopoly for the First Bank of the United States. Although the Federal government has from time to time chartered corporations, the general chartering of corporations has been left to the states.
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, corporations began to be chartered in greater numbers by the states, under general laws allowing for incorporation at the initiative of citizens, rather than through specific acts of the legislature.
In the late 19th century, most notably in New Jersey and Delaware, anyone could form corporations without any particular governmental grant or authorization, and thus without the government-granted monopolies that had been common in charters granted by the Crown or by acts of the legislature.
In 1818, the United States Supreme Court decided Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward – 17 U.S. 518 (1819), writing: “The opinion of the Court, after mature deliberation, is that this corporate charter is a contract, the obligation of which cannot be impaired without violating the Constitution of the United States. This opinion appears to us to be equally supported by reason, and by the former decisions of this Court.” Beginning with this opinion, the U.S. Supreme Court has continuously recognized corporations as having the same rights as natural persons to contract and to enforce contracts.
The corporate personhood aspect of the campaign finance debate turns on Buckley v. Valeo (1976) and Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010): Buckley ruled that political spending is protected by the First Amendment right to free speech, while Citizens United ruled that corporate political spending is protected, holding that corporations have a First Amendment right to free speech.
The laws of the United States hold that a legal entity (like a corporation or non-profit organization) shall be treated under the law as a person except when otherwise noted. This rule of construction is specified in 1 U.S.C. §1 (United States Code), which states:
In determining the meaning of any Act of Congress, unless the context indicates otherwise—the words “person” and “whoever” include corporations, companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, as well as individuals.
The Archetypal British Corporation
The British East India Company is one of the worst corporations ever and is the perfect example that modern corporate monopolies follow. These guys manufactured wars with India, Burma and China. You think Nestlé is bad for sucking up all the water in some African regions and selling it back to them? These guys literally had their own beer created (India Pale Ale) that they used to destroy India’s native water replenishment.
You think Bayer is evil for selling bad drugs infected with poison? The British East India Company addicted the majority of the Chinese population to opium so that they could continue their monopoly and increase shareholder’s dividends.
British East India CoThe British East India Company commanded an army, stole whatever land they wanted, and were slavers extraordinaire. They trafficked drugs, guns, people, and resources cheerfully certain that Africans and Asians were subhuman anyway so it didn’t matter. They directed nations, founded colonies, and conquered an entire continent — in addition to being far and away the richest and most powerful corporation in history, they’ve probably had the biggest impact on world history of any company.
They were only disbanded after the British Empire assumed direct control of India after the British East India Company’s mismanagement caused widespread revolts and massacres. They finally filed for bankruptcy after the British government essentially had them nationalized into British imperialism and corporatism.
The British East India Company is often the role model for modern corporations that are the top military contractors in the world. Below is a list of the world’s largest arms manufacturers and other military service companies who profit the most from a war-driven economy just like the British East India Company did.
The information below is based on a list published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute for 2015.
Boeing 96.1 billion
Airbus 71.4 billion
United Technologies 61.0 billion
Lockheed Martin 46.1 billion
General Dynamics 31.4 billion
BAE Systems 27.3 billion
Raytheon 23.2 billion
Northrop Grumman 20.0 billion
Leonardo S.p.A. 14.4 billion
LC Technologies 10.4 billion
War is big business for corporations who, in almost all cases, are transnational companies serving many other nations – our enemies included. Whoever can pay gets to play with these war-mongers and economic terrorists. Often, these very corporations get no-bid contracts and then rip-off the government with impunity. The Pentagon alone is missing trillions in transactions with these warlord corporations. Hardly a single U. S. military contractor doesn’t have multiple cases of misconduct, price manipulation, and criminal behavior on a very regular basis.
The larger the company, the more blatant the crimes and in almost all cases, no one ever goes to jail – even when people die from corporate action.
Corporations and corruption go hand in glove and corruption is an expected outcome that companies make plans for ahead of time. The top executive in large corporations all have “golden parachutes” that protect them from being held personally responsible for their corporate crimes because they know ahead of time that they are going to commit those crimes.
Corporate warlords are corrupt through and through and rotate in and out of top positions in the corporate world like musical chairs. These warlords are fired at one corporation for heinous crimes on one day but hired a week later by another corporation to carry out their criminal agenda. Fines and penalties are exacted on these warlords, and no one bats an eye. Paying governmental fines from budgeted crimes is simply part of corporate daily business and it is a given that top executives seldom ever go to jail.
Corporate Misconduct Produces Fines Not Jail Time
Corporate misconduct is a “standard operating procedure” which is expected and government fines are simply part of “doing business” that is built into the budget from the beginning. Below are just a few examples of the corruption documented at the Project On Government Oversite website at: http://www.pogo.org/about/. The chart names the company, number of misconduct instances and the total penalties.
Corporate rip off chart
The corporate “arms industry” is composed of a handful of global corporations responsible for the manufacturing and sales of weapons and military technology. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) estimated that global military expenditures were roughly $1.8 trillion per year at a minimum.
Global corporate arms sales control the economic world and kills millions of people for the sake of shareholder’s dividends. Profits drive the global economic machine that consumes human life. One is not even considered a “bad person” for being a corporate arms dealer. As a matter of fact, arms dealers like Adnan Khashoggi, Hillary and Bill Clinton, George H. W. Bush’s Far West Group, Halliburton, Blackwater, etc., are often well-respected by world leaders and a special place is set for them at state dinners.
One might ask how in the world we have arrived at the point that corporations of all sorts rule our world and we knew nothing of it except rumors of “conspiracy theories” that claimed the Rothschilds, the Queen, and central bankers own the world.
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Who knew that the old British systems have bled into American systems through 10,000 shadow government workers called Senior Executive Service members who control all U. S. Federal government agencies?
Who could have imagined that the British Inns of Court infiltrated the America justice system as early as the Declaration of Independence through lawyers who were loyal to the Crown?
Who could have imagined the Fake Justice system that would come to rule America?
We need a historical perspective to answer these questions and the article below is a wonderful summary of the key points concerning the history of corporations in America. We could not say these ideas in fewer words, so we leave it to the authors from Reclaim Democracy to inform our perspective of the history of U. S. corporations.
Our Hidden History of Corporations in the United States
The following is a condensed version of articles taken from the website Reclaim Democracy which provide an excellent summary of the hidden history of corporations
When American colonists declared independence from England in 1776, they also freed themselves from control by English corporations that extracted their wealth and dominated trade. After fighting a revolution to end this exploitation, our country’s founders retained a healthy fear of corporate power and wisely limited corporations exclusively to a business role. Corporations were forbidden from attempting to influence elections, public policy, and other realms of civic society.
Initially, the privilege of incorporation was granted selectively to enable activities that benefited the public, such as construction of roads or canals. Enabling shareholders to profit was seen as a means to that end. The states also imposed conditions:
Corporate charters (licenses to exist) were granted for a limited time and could be revoked promptly for violating laws.
Corporations could engage only in activities necessary to fulfill their chartered purpose.
Corporations could not own stock in other corporations nor own any property that was not essential to fulfilling their chartered purpose.
Corporations were often terminated if they exceeded their authority or caused public harm.
Owners and managers were responsible for criminal acts committed on the job.
Corporations could not make any political or charitable contributions nor spend money to influence law-making.
For 100 years after the American Revolution, legislators maintained tight control of the corporate chartering process. Because of widespread public opposition, early legislators granted very few corporate charters, and only after debate. Citizens governed corporations by detailing operating conditions not just in charters but also in state constitutions and state laws. Incorporated businesses were prohibited from taking any action that legislators did not specifically allow.
States also limited corporate charters to a set number of years. Unless a legislature renewed an expiring charter, the corporation was dissolved and its assets were divided among shareholders. Citizen authority clauses limited capitalization, debts, land holdings, and sometimes, even profits. They required a company’s accounting books to be turned over to a legislature upon request. The power of large shareholders was limited by scaled voting, so that large and small investors had equal voting rights. Interlocking directorates were outlawed. Shareholders had the right to remove directors at will.
In Europe, charters protected directors and stockholders from liability for debts and harms caused by their corporations. American legislators explicitly rejected this corporate shield. The penalty for abuse or misuse of the charter was not a plea bargain and a fine, but dissolution of the corporation.
In 1819, the U.S. Supreme Court tried to strip states of this sovereign right by overruling a lower court’s decision that allowed New Hampshire to revoke a charter granted to Dartmouth College by King George III. The Court claimed that since the charter contained no revocation clause, it could not be withdrawn. The Supreme Court’s attack on state sovereignty outraged citizens. Laws were written or re-written and new state constitutional amendments passed to circumvent the Dartmouth College v Woodward ruling.
Over several decades starting in 1844, nineteen states amended their constitutions to make corporate charters subject to alteration or revocation by their legislatures. As late as 1855, it seemed that the Supreme Court had gotten the people’s message when in Dodge v. Woolsey it reaffirmed state’s powers over “artificial bodies.”
Contests over charters were battles to control labor, resources, community rights, and political sovereignty. More and more frequently, corporations were abusing their charters to become conglomerates and trusts. They converted the nation’s resources and treasures into private fortunes, creating factory systems and company towns. Political power began flowing to absentee owners, rather than community-rooted enterprises.
The industrial age forced a nation of farmers to become wage earners, and they became fearful of unemployment–a new fear that corporations quickly learned to exploit. Company towns arose and blacklists of labor organizers and workers who spoke up for their rights became common. When workers began to organize, industrialists and bankers hired private armies to keep them in line. They bought newspapers to paint businessmen as heroes and shape public opinion. Corporations bought state legislators, then announced legislators were corrupt and said that they used too much of the public’s resources to scrutinize every charter application and corporate operation.
Government spending during the Civil War brought these corporations fantastic wealth. Corporate executives paid “borers” to infest Congress and state capitals, bribing elected and appointed officials alike. During this time, legislators were persuaded to give corporations limited liability, decreased citizen authority over them, and extended durations of charters.
Attempts were made to keep strong charter laws in place, but with the courts applying legal doctrines that made protection of corporations and corporate property the center of constitutional law, citizen sovereignty was undermined. As corporations grew stronger, government and the courts became easier prey. They freely reinterpreted the U.S. Constitution and transformed common law doctrines.
One of the most severe blows to citizen authority arose out of the 1886 Supreme Court case of Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad. Though the court did not make a ruling on the question of “corporate personhood,” thanks to misleading notes of a clerk, the decision subsequently was used as precedent to hold that a corporation was a “natural person.” From that point on, the 14th Amendment, enacted to protect rights of freed slaves, was used routinely to grant corporations constitutional “personhood.” Justices have since struck down hundreds of local, state and federal laws enacted to protect people from corporate harm based on this illegitimate premise. Armed with these “rights,” corporations increased control over resources, jobs, commerce, politicians, even judges and the law.
A United States Congressional committee concluded in 1941, “The principal instrument of the concentration of economic power and wealth has been the corporate charter with unlimited power….”
(end of selection)
Many U.S.-based corporations are now transnational, but the corrupted charter remains the legal basis for their existence. Citizens can reassert the convictions of our nation’s founders who struggled successfully to free us from corporate rule in the past. These changes must occur at the most fundamental level — the U.S. Constitution.
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