COVID-19 vaccines may require regular updates until infections die down, study suggests
Coronavirus: COVID-19 vaccines may require regular updates until infections die down, study suggests | CTV News
TORONTO -- Just like influenza vaccines, which are adjusted each year to combat viruses as they change and mutate, COVID-19 vaccines may need similar alterations until infection rates decrease, a recent study suggests.
Influenza viruses are fast-changing, making it difficult for the human body to build an immune response, which is why the flu vaccine is altered and encouraged for everyone each year.
In SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, mutations allowing it to evade antibodies have already cropped up in the B.1.351 and P.1 variants. Because of this, vaccine producers such as Moderna, Pfizer, AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson are already working on boosters for their vaccines to be more effective against variants.
A team of researchers from a German research hospital, Charite-Universitatsmedizin Berlin, looked at four common cold coronaviruses that infect humans by the same spike protein mechanism that SARS-CoV-2 uses.
The research, published in the journal Virus Evolution on March 20, focused attention on two of the longest known coronaviruses and studied their evolution over the course of 40 years, according to a press release. Researchers built a phylogenetic tree - a tree-shaped diagram that shows the evolutionary process of various specimens and species - showing the evolutionary progress of the coronaviruses.
They then compared it to the phylogenetic tree of H3N2, a strain of the influenza virus that is known for its ability to evade the immune response.
Researchers found a similarity in their comparisons: they all had a ladder shape.
"An asymmetrical tree of this kind likely results from the repeated replacement of one circulating virus variant by another which carried a fitness advantage," the study's first author, Dr. Wendy K. Jo from Charite's Institute of Virology, said in the press release.
“This is evidence of 'antigenic drift', a continuous process involving changes to surface structures which enable viruses to evade the human immune response. It means that these endemic coronaviruses also evade the immune system, just like the influenza virus. However, one also has to look at the speed with which this evolutionary adaptation happens," she added.
Researchers were able to determine the speed at which the viruses evolved, with influenza viruses mutating four times faster than the coronaviruses, the release said.
“As far as SARS-CoV-2 is concerned, this is good news," Dr. Christian Drosten, Director of the Institute of Virology and a researcher at the German Center for Infection Research, said in the release.
However, SARS-CoV-2 is mutating at a faster rate than the coronaviruses in the study, but researchers believe this is due to the rate of infections across the globe.
“Based on the rates of evolution seen in the endemic common cold coronaviruses, we expect that SARS-CoV-2 will start to change more slowly once infections start to die down,” lead study author Dr. Jan Felix Drexler, said in the release.
Once the COVID-19 pandemic has stabilized and numbers being to drop off in earnest, vaccine updates will become less common, but until then they will need to be altered for variants, the release said.
“We expect therefore that COVID-19 vaccines will need to be monitored regularly throughout the pandemic and updated where necessary. Once the situation has stabilized, vaccines are likely to remain effective for longer,” said Felix Drexler."
The Marvelous Mobile Phone (cellphonetaskforce.org)
Wednesday morning (4:28 a.m. EDT, 8:28 UTC), SpaceX launched another 60 satellites. On Wednesday evening (10:47 p.m. EDT, 14:47 UTC), OneWeb launched another 36 satellites. And people who already have satellite Internet from SpaceX on a trial basis reported a sudden increase in their Internet speed on Wednesday to up to 430 Mbps.
satellite networks is to provide Internet and/or cell phone service everywhere on earth, as well as to facilitate the Internet of Things. All will shoot focused beams of radiation at the earth from phased array antennas.
launched. At least initially, these satellites are for Internet only and will not communicate directly with cell phones.
Instead it will market its service to airlines, businesses and governments.
Greencrow says: the above update on the 5G rollout and Satellites is important because it reminds us that the CovID HOAX and the possible bioweapons associated with it, including "vaccines" are not the only threats to human health these days. If we are not feeling well we also need to look around to see what the status of the 5G rollout is in our area.
Sabotaging the world
When will we realize that we’re under attack?
Dr. Sherri Tenpenny: Expected 50 million deaths low estimate
Dr. Lorraine Day: They Want You Dead
Dane Wigington: Aftermath Of Chemical Ice Nucleation
Ice Age Farmer: Suez Canal Blocked: A "Worst Case Scenario for Global Trade"
Courtesy of johnkaminski.org
Plus more devastation on the vaccines
Moderna begins COVID-19 vaccine study in children as young as six months
On Tuesday, Moderna announced that the first children have been vaccinated as part of the company's Phase 2/3 pediatric COVID-19 vaccine study. The clinical trial is expected to enroll 6,750 healthy children in the US and Canada between the ages of six months and 11 years old.
Greencrow says: This is just heinous. Who or what parent would volunteer their child for such genetic tampering? I wouldn't even volunteer my cat...if I had one.
Kids talk about vaccines
1,739 DEAD as CDC Adds Another 200+ Recorded Deaths this Week Following COVID Experimental “Vaccines”
CovID Corruption all the way...
Simon Hicks sent me several links last week [copied below and says:
I am sure you're inundated with articles. It is a positive sign because people are waking up! It is sad because all the news is so horrific.
Here is another one.
“Coronavirus latest news: Halting AstraZeneca vaccine is a 'disaster' for jab uptake in Europe”
We've known about weather warfare for a very long time as it was used during the Vietnam war & since.
**************The managers of the Internet NewZ never miss a trick. Here they are planting a story about CJD aka Prion Disease aka "Mad Cow" disease... so that later when the vaccinated start developing symptoms from the "vaccine".... they can chorus in unison "it's all a BIG mystery...we have NO IDEA why they have those symptoms!
Next, from Ed(itor) who is talking about one of my favourite spies aka former intelligence officers, Scott Bennet: I invite readers to delve into the links below and then report back in the comments as to what's up with Scott:
Shell Game: A Military
Whistleblowing Report to Congress (Part One), Scott Bennett
To see more great information like this, to learn more about this channel, to subscribe and to see the original video, please go here: to see the original video, please go here
I just bought his book "ShellGame" as well as The-911-truth-memos/. I had previously purchased this book; Scott was confused as to why I chose that one to begin with, and the answer is simple: Having explored the topic previously, I reasoned that it would tell me whether or not he was “the real deal”.
[Ed.: He is. He’s as real as it gets. Of those I have met and learned about in my two decades of research and six of life, he makes the top five.]
**************Finally, Greencrow wrote last week:
...More about the vaccines and adverse reactions later but first I want to explain why I don't report anymore on happenings south of the border, particularly related to presidential politics and/or False Flag mass shootings like the one in the link below:
Boulder Attack Is Seventh High Profile Mass Shooting Where Attacker Was Known To FBI Beforehand | From the Trenches World Report
The answer is simple. I don't report on American presidential politics or the resumption of the never-ending stream of False Flag mass shootings under Biden because: They are totally irrelevant and have no consequence..."
Well, James Corbett backed me up on that in the latest Corbett Report Episode linked below, wherein he updates us on what the "new Biden" administration has planned in the way of foreign policy...spoiler alert....absolutely nothing...any different from what's been going on since the Kennedy administration/end of the US Republic.
But I do recommend you watch the report because there have been some highly significant Biden Administration appointees that Corbett discusses at the end. These appointments give us a window into the coming shenanigans.